Glaucoma (kala motia) in Eye disease
Glaucoma is a condition in which eye pressure is more than the tolerance capacity of the nerve fibers of eye.
- Glaucoma is a silent killer of vision and mostly detected in a screening test
- It is important for everybody above 40 yr. of age to go for glaucoma screening test every year
- If timely detected, glaucoma can be easily controlled in most of the cases with available treatment
- There are two major varieties of glaucoma
- Angle closure glaucoma
- Open angle glaucoma
- Angle closure glaucoma is a painful condition. Patient complains of hardness, redness of eyes, blurring of vision, haloes around light and vomiting
- Due to symptomatic nature of the angle closure glaucoma it is mostly diagnosed early
- Some time angle closure glaucoma is confused with conjunctivitis, headache, gastric problems etc. and hence diagnosis is delayed. Hence in all cases of headache, eye redness, ophthalmologist opinion is desirable.
- Open angle glaucoma is mostly asymptomatic and hence dangerous. It is important to go for routine eye check to an ophthalmologist for its detection.
- Once glaucoma is diagnosed, patient has to remain under medical guidance for whole life and follow his/her ophthalmologist's advice.
- Patient should thoroughly maintain treatment records and bring them during every consultation.
- Never try to hide your diagnosis while seeking second opinions. Because diagnosis can be missed in single examination.
- There is no high or low pressure. Pressure which is high for one patient can be normal for other patient.
- There are no clear cut obvious reasons to give for causation of glaucoma.
- We can develop glaucoma at any age, but it is most common after 40 years of age.
- People with family history, diabetics, Myopics have higher risk of developing glaucoma.
- Most of the time, It can be easily controlled with medications. In few cases surgery is required.
- Vision once lost due to glaucoma cannot be regained.